Cabrera (“goat island”) lies just 18 km (11 miles) from mainland Mallorca. A rocky, bare place and virtually uninhabited, it nevertheless has a rich history. It served as a prison camp during the Napoleonic War and was used as a base by Barbary pirates. Since 1991, Cabrera Island, together with an archipelago of 157 sq km (60 sq miles), has been designated a national park. This protection extends not only to rare species of plants, but also includes the surrounding marine life.
The 14th-century castle is one of the few reminders of the island’s past. A small museum close to the jetty includes a history of the island.
Cala Santa Maria
In the course of a few hours, you can see the shore areas surrounding the bay. Exploring the interior requires permission from the park staff.
A memorial was built for the French soldiers abandoned on Cabrera by the Spanish during the Napoleonic Wars. Of the 9,000 prisoners, only 4,000 survived.
Though this plant is found on all the islands of the archipelago, Cabrera is home to some rare native plant species.
Cap de N’Ensiola
At the island’s southwest tip is a lighthouse that can be reached via a winding road. Permission for this must be obtained from the park’s office in Palma.
This rare species is strictly protected. In 1974, there were only nine nesting pairs, now there are about 30.
The northernmost rocky island of the archipelago has a lone lighthouse and a lighthouse keeper’s cottage.
Sa Cova Blava
The 20-m (66-ft) high “Blue Grotto” owes its name to the colour of light that is reflected from the water, which illuminates the cave’s walls. The grotto can be seen as part of a boat trip.
In an effort to protect the landscape and surrounding waters, this area is closed to the public.